Face Shields

Check out the information below on how to get started

Why do we need face shields?

Patients with COVID-19 experience significant respiratory issues, resulting in coughing. Virus particles are easily spread in the fluids expelled from the patient during episodes of coughing. The face shield is an additional barrier between the healthcare worker and the patient and reduces the risk of viral transmission via airborne droplets.

 

What considerations should I have in mind when getting started with making face shields?

The FDA has released an important set of guidelines for any makers/manufacturers making face shield, which can be viewed here. Please make careful note of the information presented in Section IV.

  • No printed matter, including advertising or promotional materials, relating to the use of the authorized face shield may represent or suggest that such product is safe or effective for the prevention or treatment of patients during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • All advertising and promotional descriptive printed matter relating to the use of the product shall clearly and conspicuously state that
    • The product has not been FDA cleared or approved
    • The product has been authorized by FDA under an EUA for use by healthcare providers as personal protective equipment.
    • This product is only authorized for the duration of the declaration that circumstances justifying the authorization of emergency use under Section 564(b)(1) of the Act, 21 USC 360bbb-3(b)(1) unless the authorization is terminated or revoked sooner

In addition to the FDA guidelines, please adhere to the following best practices when 3D printing and/or working with the materials used for making faces shield –

  • If you can, please segregate the 3D printer that you will be using in your space away from people, pets, bathrooms, or food preparation surfaces.
  • There is still debate about how long the virus survives on hard industrial surfaces, but it is currently estimated that COVID-19 can live on hard industrial surfaces (metal, plastic, and glass) for up to 3 days. If you have access to sanitizing solutions, including diluted bleach, 70% alcohol solution, or products like Star-San or Odo-Ban, please disinfect your tools and equipment before and after each item is made. You can also let packed items sit for 3 days before distributing, as another mechanism to reduce the risk of transmission.
  • Medical-Grade PETG is the preferred filament. If you decide to use another filament, please be aware of the following as it relates to your ability to sanitize the filament.
  • If the machine is clean, the plastic is heated up enough to be considered clean once the print is finished.
  • Do not attempt to sterilize the finished part; just drop in a clear bag with gloves or tongs and set aside.
  • Many sterilization solutions will damage PLA, and off-the-shelf isopropyl alcohol is not concentrated enough to clean the parts.
  • No latex should be used in designs for clinical settings – do not use an elastic band in your design!

What projects can I get involved with to make Face Shields?

Project Name: IC3D Budmen Face Shield (NIH-reviewed for clinical use)

This design has undergone review in a clinical setting by the National Institute of Health (NIH) and is recommended when fabricated as instructed.

Specialized Equipment (Required): 3D Printer

Notes:
-See website for more information. Designs approved by the NIH are recommended as a first choice.
-Use latex-free/non-latex elastic for use in hospital settings

Project Name: DTM v3.1 Face Shield (NIH-reviewed for clinical use)

This design has undergone review in a clinical setting by the National Institute of Health (NIH) and is recommended when fabricated as instructed.

Specialized Equipment (Required): 3D Printer

Notes:

-See website for more information. Designs approved by the NIH are recommended as a first choice.

-Several variants of this design have also been approved (PNWS Short/Full) – Please consult links below for more information

Project Name: SLS Printed RAG Face Shield (NIH-reviewed for clinical use)

This design has undergone review in a clinical setting by the National Institute of Health (NIH) and is recommended when fabricated as instructed.

Specialized Equipment (Required): SLS 3D Printer

Notes: See website for more information. Designs approved by the NIH are recommended as a first choice.

Project Name: Scrunchie Shield (NIH-reviewed for clinical use)

This design has undergone review in a clinical setting by the National Institute of Health (NIH) and is recommended when fabricated as instructed.

Specialized Equipment (Required): 3D Printer

Notes: See website for more information. Designs approved by the NIH are recommended as a first choice.

Project Name: CVHCS Laser Cut or 3D Printable Face Shield (NIH-reviewed for clinical use)

This design has undergone review in a clinical setting by the National Institute of Health (NIH) and is recommended when fabricated as instructed.

Specialized Equipment (Required): Laser cutter or 3D Printer

Notes: See website for more information. Designs approved by the NIH are recommended as a first choice.

Project Name: MITRE 3D Printed Face Shield (NIH-reviewed for clinical use)

This design has undergone review in a clinical setting by the National Institute of Health (NIH) and is recommended when fabricated as instructed.

Specialized Equipment (Required): 3D Printer

Notes: See website for more information. Designs approved by the NIH are recommended as a first choice.

Project Name: 3DVerkstan Face Shield (NIH-reviewed for clinical use)

This design has undergone review in a clinical setting by the National Institute of Health (NIH) and is recommended when fabricated as instructed.

Specialized Equipment (Required): 3D Printer

Notes: See website for more information. Designs approved by the NIH are recommended as a first choice.

Project Name: Prusa Protective Face Shield RC3 – US Version (NIH-reviewed for clinical use)

Specialized Equipment Required: 3D Printer
Additional Equipment: Laser cutter or shear/scissors, hole puncher

Notes:
-Open-top design* unless manufactured with additional elastic cover to close the gap in the top of the headband (*this must be mentioned when reaching out to hospitals if the cover is not added)
-Not OSCMS when manufactured with open-top, but medical reviewers have noted it should still be acceptable for certain clinical and hospital settings.

Project Name: COVID19 Medical Face Shield (University of Wisconsin, V1)

Specialized Equipment (Recommended): Laser cutter or steel rule die, a stapler, a shear and a heat sealer.

Alternative Equipment for makers at home: Scissors, X-Acto, stapler and Ziploc bags.

Required modifications: Non-latex elastic band
Recommended modifications: Non-porous foam

Notes: Single use only, though disinfection of the plastic is possible with “Oxyvarin” Disinfectant (for McMAster Carr sourced PET, other brands may require different disinfectant)

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Project Name:Origami Face Shield (Helpful Engineering)

Notes:  
-Individual medical facility protocol will determine if this can be used during intubation procedure.
-Useful for nursing home staff, first-responders, and non-healthcare workers such as delivery couriers

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Project Name: John’s Hopkins Health System Face Shield

Specialized Equipment Required: None

Notes:
-BOM quantities are for a large batch but can be scaled down when sourcing supplies
-Polycarbonate sheet can be sourced by other vendors if it meets the same specs

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Project Name: Trestle: COVID-19 Face Shield

Specialized Equipment Required: None

Notes:
-Face Shields manufactured from this design are single-use
-In a hospital setting, clinicians requested a disposable shield instead of a reusable shield.

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This information was produced in collaboration with OSCMS – click here for more information and documentation.